Chess tactics and strategy

Chess tactics and strategy

Many people believe that there is some kind of magic strategy in chess that allows you to win every game. But what can it be like – attack or defence, a special style of play or position assessment, a set of rules or tactics? No, dear friend, I am not trying to confuse you. The point is that the chess strategy covers all of the above to varying degrees.

Chess strategy is an overall assessment of a position and setting goals for the long term.

Chess tactics are part of the strategy and only cover a single series of moves that can be accurately calculated.

In essence, these are different skills that a chess player must develop equally. Like a talented general, he must not only be able to correctly line up his troops and manoeuvre them during the battle but also give an exact order at the right time in order to achieve specific benefits.

Experienced players develop their strategy right from the opening. For example, if a chess player plays black and seeks to seize the initiative, then he chooses the Sicilian Defense. If he wants to get a small advantage with White without risk, he will prefer the Queen’s Gambit.

Best strategies for beginners

As noted above, there is no universal winning strategy in chess, because in that case the game would not arouse such interest. However, it is quite possible to sketch out some good strategies for beginners that they could use against fellow beginners.

  • at the beginning of the game, you should first develop minor pieces (knights and bishops), only then heavy pieces (queens and rooks);
  • pawn moves at the beginning of the game should be made only in order to open the way for your pieces, avoid repeated pawn moves at first;
  • after finishing the development of your pieces, start attacking your opponent’s pieces and pawns. Watch out for the threats of the opponent, taking your pieces away from the blows;
  • when you manage to win a piece or a pawn from your opponent, then it is reasonable to strive for an exchange. The less material is left on the board, the easier you will realize your advantage;
  • if the opponent has castled, then you should push the pawns on the flank where he hid his king. In this way, you can open his cover and create an attack;
  • when open files are formed on the chessboard, then they need to be occupied with their heavy pieces – rooks and queens, in order to penetrate through these paths into the opponent’s camp.


These are just basic strategies that seem primitive enough, but very effective against other inexperienced players. The main thing is to think over your every move and always ask yourself the question – “for what purpose do I walk this way?”

Chess tactics

Tactical skill is the ability to find specific combinations during a chess game. As a result of tactical blows, the player gains a material advantage, with the help of which it will be possible to checkmate the opponent’s king or force him to surrender. Some of the most common tactics include:

  • fork ;
  • ligament ;
  • mill.

Chess players train tactical vision by solving chess problems. You need to start with simple tasks, such as checkmate in 1 move, and then take on more complex ones. It is important that this process be continuous along with the study of the opening or the analysis of the grandmasters’ games. Tactical vigilance is required in both attack and defence. Without it, even the most ingenious strategic plan will be doomed to failure, because during the game the pieces are constantly in contact.

Thus, chess strategy and tactics go hand in hand. It is the universal players who gain an advantage over their opponents by developing both skills.

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